Scope of Practice
What is the scope of practice for a medical assistant? In some states medical assistants have a clearly stated scope of practice, but in some states there is no law on the matter. Several sources for medical assistants state that a medical assistant can:
- Perform clinical and administrative tasks to keep the workflow going, if supervised by a physician or other health care practitioner.
- Determine the acuity of a visit and the visit length for appointment scheduling purposes using an office protocol provided by the supervising physician.
- Measure and record vital signs.
- Record patient demographics and basic information about the presenting and previous conditions.
- Use medical terminology and accepted charting abbreviations.
- Escort patients to the exam room and prepare them for an exam.
- Use scientific methods to solve problems and choose a mathematical method or formula to solve problems.
- Convey clinical information on behalf of the physician.
- Arrange examining-room instruments and equipment.
- Change wound dressings and obtain wound cultures.
- Remove sutures or staples from superficial incisions or lacerations.
- Operate diagnostic equipment but cannot interpret tests.
- Provide patient information and instructions.
- Provide a single dose of oral medication as ordered by the physician to a patient for immediate self-administration under observation.
- Administer medications topically, sublingually, vaginally, rectally, and by injection.
- Perform CPR and render First Aid in an emergency.
- Prepare patients for examination, including draping, shaving, and disinfecting treatment sites.
- Perform aseptic procedures such as wound care.
- Collect blood specimens via capillary and venipuncture technique.
- Obtain specimens by noninvasive techniques, such as wound cultures.
- Perform simple laboratory and screening tests customarily performed STAT in a medical office, such as urinalysis.
- Administer different types of cryotherapy to reduce pain or swelling.
- Filing and bookkeeping.
- Process insurance claims.
- Transcribe medical dictation for medical records. Call in prescription orders or refills to the pharmacy, but only as ordered and approved by physician, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant.
A medical assistant cannot:
Independently perform telephone triage (medical assistants are not legally authorized to interpret data or diagnose symptoms!).
Independently diagnose or treat patients.
Independently prescribe medications.
Independently give out medication samples.
Independently refill prescription requests.
Independently do triage.
Inject medications into a vein (most states) unless permitted by state law.
Start, flush, or discontinue IVs (most states) unless permitted by state law.
Provide medical treatment, analyze, or interpret test results.
Advise patients about their condition or treatment regimen.
Make assessments or perform any kind of medical care decision making.
Administer any anesthetic agent (except topical numbing agents such as EMLA cream).
Perform tests that involve the penetration of human tissues except for skin tests and drawing blood as provided by law.
Interpret the results of blood or skin tests.
Operate laser equipment.